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Article Dans Une Revue Toxicon Année : 2021

Toxicity and mode of action of the aporphine plant alkaloid liriodenine on the insect GABA receptor

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Quentin R R Coquerel
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  • PersonId : 1139618
Fabien Démares
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  • PersonId : 1119157
Werner J Geldenhuys
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Edmund Norris
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  • PersonId : 1139619
Jeffrey R Bloomquist
Quentin R.R. Coquerel

Résumé

Liriodenine is a biologically active plant alkaloid with multiple effects on mammals, fungi, and bacteria, but has never been evaluated for insecticidal activity. Accordingly, liriodenine was applied topically in ethanolic solutions to adult female Anopheles gambiae, and found to be mildly toxic. Its lethality was synergized in mixtures with dimethyl sulfoxide and piperonyl butoxide. Recordings from the ventral nerve cord of larval Drosophila melanogaster showed that liriodenine was neuroexcitatory and reversed the inhibitory effect of 1 mM GABA at effective concentrations of 20-30 μM. GABA antagonism on the larval nervous system was equally expressed on both susceptible and cyclodiene-resistant rdl preparations. Acutely isolated neurons from Periplaneta americana were studied under patch clamp and inhibition of GABA-induced currents with an IC 50 value of about 1 μM were observed. In contrast, bicuculline did not reverse the effects of GABA on cockroach neurons, as expected. In silico molecular models suggested reasonable structural concordance of liriodenine and bicuculline and isosteric hydrogen bond acceptor sites. This study is the first assessing of the toxicology of liriodenine on insects and implicates the GABA receptor as one likely neuronal target, where liriodenine might be considered an active chemical analog of bicuculline.
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Dates et versions

hal-03463626 , version 1 (07-04-2022)

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Quentin R R Coquerel, Fabien Démares, Werner J Geldenhuys, Anne-Marie Le Ray, Dimitri Bréard, et al.. Toxicity and mode of action of the aporphine plant alkaloid liriodenine on the insect GABA receptor. Toxicon, 2021, 201, pp.141-147. ⟨10.1016/j.toxicon.2021.08.019⟩. ⟨hal-03463626⟩
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