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Article Dans Une Revue Marine Micropaleontology Année : 2011

Population dynamics of living planktic foraminifers in the hemipelagic southeastern Bay of Biscay

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Résumé

Population dynamics of planktic foraminifer species are discussed in relation to environmental factors across the continental slope onto the shelf of the southeastern Bay of Biscay. Along a bathymetric transect from 2000 m to 145 m water depth, 154 vertical plankton tows were obtained during different seasons on five cruises between June 2006 and July 2008. The distribution of live specimens (> 100 μm) sampled at distinct intervals down to 700 m water depth is compared to changes in temperature, salinity, and chlorophyll-aconcentration. The overall seasonal variability and depth distribution of species in the hemipelagic southeastern Bay of Biscay has been similar to open ocean faunas in the pelagic North Atlantic. Each species examined occurred at considerable variability in habitat depth and seasonal distribution. The vertical distribution of planktic foraminifer species was mainly driven by the depth of the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum (DCM) and hence linked to the development of the thermocline. The seasonal variation of river discharge could have had differential effects on the distribution of planktic foraminifers, and may have inhibited or triggered the production of species. Low standing stocks at onshore stations in spring, and high standing stocks in July both in low saline waters indicate that salinity in itself did not control the distribution of planktic foraminifers. Instead, factors which co-vary with salinity, such as turbidity and organic matter possibly affected the distribution of planktic foraminifers on a species-specific scale. In general, the distribution of planktic foraminifer species on a seasonal, vertical, and regional scale along the offshore–onshore transect was related to surface water salinity and turbidity, and to the availability of food.

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hal-03278090 , version 1 (05-07-2021)

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Sophie Retailleau, Ralf Schiebel, Hélène Howa. Population dynamics of living planktic foraminifers in the hemipelagic southeastern Bay of Biscay. Marine Micropaleontology, 2011, 80 (3–4), pp.89 - 100. ⟨10.1016/j.marmicro.2011.06.003⟩. ⟨hal-03278090⟩
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