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Article Dans Une Revue FEMS Microbiology Ecology Année : 2011

Vertical migration, nitrate uptake and denitrification: survival mechanisms of foraminifers (Globobulimina turgida) under low oxygen conditions

Résumé

15NO3− isotope labelling experiments were performed to investigate foraminiferal nitrate uptake strategies and the role of pseudopodial networks in nitrate uptake. Globobulimina turgida were placed below the nitrate penetration depth in homogenized sediment cores incubated in artificial seawater containing 15NO3−. A nylon net prevented the vertical migration of foraminifera to strata containing nitrate and oxygen, but allowed potential access to such strata by extension of pseudopods. No 15NO3− was found in G. turgida in these cores, suggesting that foraminifera cannot extend their pseudopods for nitrate uptake through several millimetres of sediment, but must physically migrate upwards closer to nitrate-containing strata. However, foraminiferal migration patterns in control cores with no nylon net were erratic, suggesting that individuals move in random orientations until they find favourable conditions (i.e. free nitrate or oxygen). A second experiment showed that foraminifera actively collect nitrate both in the presence and in the absence of oxygen, although uptake was initiated faster if oxygen was absent from the environment. However, no systematic influence of the size of the intracellular nitrate pool on nitrate uptake was observed, as specimens containing a large range of intracellular nitrate (636–19 992 pmol per cell) were measured to take up 15NO3− at comparable rates.

Dates et versions

hal-03278008 , version 1 (05-07-2021)

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Karoliina Annika Koho, Elisa Piña-Ochoa, E. Geslin, Nils Risgaard-Petersen. Vertical migration, nitrate uptake and denitrification: survival mechanisms of foraminifers (Globobulimina turgida) under low oxygen conditions. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2011, 75 (2), pp.273 - 283. ⟨10.1111/j.1574-6941.2010.01010.x⟩. ⟨hal-03278008⟩
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