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Article Dans Une Revue Midwifery Année : 2024

Pregnancy and tobacco: practice and knowledge of French midwives.

Résumé

Objectives: Evaluate the midwives’ practices and knowledges with regard to the management of the smoking cessation in pregnant women and analyze the profile of midwives prescribing nicotine replacement therapy (NRT).Methods: A national practice survey among 23,541 French midwives was conducted from 1 September 2020 to 15 September 2021 using an online self-administered questionnaire.Results: The analysis of the 1,216 usable questionnaires (97, 7% women, mostly aged 30 to 49 years and non-smokers) showed that 93.4% of midwives frequently questioned pregnant women about their smoking consumption during pregnancy. The minimal counseling was known and practiced by 91% of midwives, the Fagerström test by 26.9% and the measurement of exhaled CO by 27.1%. Concerning NRT, 60% of the midwives prescribed them in a usual way and 36.8% were aware of the possibility of prescribing them to the pregnant woman's entourage. The profile of midwives prescribing NRT was significantly more concerned with smoking cessation in pregnant women; worked more frequently in a hospital; carried out 25% or more of antenatal monitoring consultations; and had significantly better knowledge of the evaluation tools, without influence of sex or smoking status.Conclusions: Improving the training of midwives in the screening and management of smoking cessation during pregnancy seems necessary.
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hal-04302999 , version 1 (18-01-2024)

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Béatrice Pierrot, Guillaume Legendre, Jeremie Riou, Alexandra Gentil, Brigitte Molle-Guiliani, et al.. Pregnancy and tobacco: practice and knowledge of French midwives.. Midwifery, 2024, 129, pp.103886. ⟨10.1016/j.midw.2023.103886⟩. ⟨hal-04302999⟩
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