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Article Dans Une Revue Econometrics Journal Année : 2022

The sooner the better: lives saved by the lockdown during the COVID-19 outbreak. The case of Italy

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Raffaella Coppier
  • Fonction : Auteur
Alessandro Girardi
  • Fonction : Auteur
Marco Ventura
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Summary This paper estimates the effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions – mainly, the lockdown – on the COVID-19 mortality rate for the case of Italy, the first Western country to impose a national shelter-in-place order. We use a new estimator, the augmented synthetic control method (ASCM), that overcomes some limits of the standard synthetic control method (SCM). The results are twofold. From a methodological point of view, the ASCM outperforms the SCM in that the latter cannot select a valid donor set, assigning all the weights to only one country (Spain) while placing zero weights to all the remaining. From an empirical point of view, we find strong evidence of the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions in avoiding losses of human lives in Italy: conservative estimates indicate that the policy saved in total more than 21,000 human lives.

Dates et versions

hal-03789141 , version 1 (27-09-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Roy Cerqueti, Raffaella Coppier, Alessandro Girardi, Marco Ventura. The sooner the better: lives saved by the lockdown during the COVID-19 outbreak. The case of Italy. Econometrics Journal, 2022, 25 (1), pp.46-70. ⟨10.1093/ectj/utab027⟩. ⟨hal-03789141⟩
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