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Article Dans Une Revue Fire Année : 2020

Anthropogenic Fires in West African Landscapes: A Spatially Explicit Model Perspective of Humanized Savannas

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Paul Laris
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Daniel Delahaye
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Aziz Ballouche

Résumé

Fire regimes are important components of environmental dynamics, but our understanding of them is limited. Despite recent advances in the methodologies used to remotely sense and map fires and burned areas and new case studies that shed light on local fire use and management practices, the scientific community still has much to learn about anthropogenic fire regimes. We identify two areas for improvement: first, the fine-scale heterogeneity of fire dynamics for specific regions is often masked by global-scale approaches, and second, barriers between the disciplines focusing on fire impacts hamper the development of knowledge of the human dimensions of fire regimes. To address the "blind spot" that these limitations create, we present a simple dynamic model of fire ignition in savanna systems. The aim is to connect the local and global scales of fire regimes by focusing on human fire management (anthropogenic fire). Our dynamical model is based on a study area in Western Burkina Faso and integrates biophysical elements (climate and soil data), land cover, and fire management scenarios based on field surveys. The simulation results offer contrasting views of the impact of local fire management practices on regional fire regimes observed in savannas. Fire density and frequency are local variables that clearly change the fire regimes despite a complex and constrained biophysical system. This experience, drawing from fieldwork and modelling, may be a way to integrate some key aspects of anthropogenic fire research in savanna systems.
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Dates et versions

hal-02988277 , version 1 (04-11-2020)

Licence

Paternité - CC BY 4.0

Identifiants

Citer

Sébastien Caillault, Paul Laris, Cyril Fleurant, Daniel Delahaye, Aziz Ballouche. Anthropogenic Fires in West African Landscapes: A Spatially Explicit Model Perspective of Humanized Savannas. Fire, 2020, 3 (62), ⟨10.3390/fire3040062⟩. ⟨hal-02988277⟩
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